Utility of targeted sonography in management of probably benign breast lesions identified on magnetic resonance imaging.

Lourenco AP; Chung MT; Mainiero MB
Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. alourenco@lifespan.org

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of targeted sonography in the management of probably benign breast lesions detected on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

METHODS: A total of 4370 consecutive contrast-enhanced breast MRI examinations from March 1, 2004, to March 1, 2009, were retrospectively reviewed. The study was Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant and Institutional Review Board approved. When targeted sonography was recommended for a Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category 3 examination, results of the sonography and any subsequent breast pathologic examinations were recorded. The frequency of identifying the MRI-detected lesions and the rate at which the BI-RADS category was changed by sonography were calculated for mass and non-mass-like lesions.

RESULTS: Of the 4370 examinations, 349 (8%) had BI-RADS 3 findings in 346 patients. One hundred eighteen lesions underwent targeted sonography for evaluation of 85 masses and 33 areas of non-mass-like enhancement. Of these 118 lesions, 54 (46%) were seen on sonography. No cancers were detected on sonography in the areas of non-mass-like enhancement. Two of the 85 masses (2.4%) evaluated with targeted sonography had a malignant diagnosis before initiation of follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: Selective use of targeted sonography, particularly in masses, may help identify some malignancies before initiating short-interval follow-up for MRI-detected BI-RADS 3 lesions.

PreMedline Identifier:22733852

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.